Constance Ellis – First Female Medical School Graduate in Victoria

From Australia’s Jewish Past:

Constance "Connie" Ellis

FIrst female medical graduate in Victoria

First published in J-Wire November 15, 2022

Dr. Constance Ellis dressed as Queen Victoria
Dr. Ellis dressed as Queen Victoria – Clarke, Pegg (1931) State Library of Victoria

Constance “Connie” Ellis was born to Jewish parents on 2 November 1872 in Carlton, Melbourne. She was the sixth child of Louis Ellis, deputy sheriff of Victoria from 1870 to 1895, and his wife Lydia Constance (née Phillips).

Louis was later the sheriff of Victoria from 1870 to 1895, having joined the Public Service, from NSW, in 1852. In 1858, he was transferred to the Crown Law Department, and remained there until he retired in 1895. Among many criminals executed during his ‘long term of office as sheriff was ‘’Ned’’ Kelly, the notorious bushranger.

Known as Connie to her friends, she attended secondary school at Presbyterian Ladies College in 1886, completing a brilliant scholastic career in 1890.

She enrolled at the University of Melbourne’s Medical School in 1894, and between 1896 and 1898 attended the Janet Clarke Hostel (named after an Australian charity administrator) at Trinity College as a non-resident. She gained honours in every year of the course, and following her final examinations in March 1899, she learned that she had come second in surgery and third in medicine. This entitled her to a residency at the Royal Melbourne Hospital. After a year there, she spent a further two years as resident at the Royal Children’s Hospital. Dr Ellis also set up a general and obstetric practice in Wattletree Road, Malvern.

Ellis finally obtained her medical degree in March 1903, becoming the first woman graduate of the University of Melbourne to do so. By this time, she had joined the honorary staff of the Queen Victoria Hospital, where she organised the pathology department and was honorary pathologist from 1908 until 1919. During her time in this university department, she was appointed demonstrator and lecturer in pathology and deputised for the head of the department – Sir Harry Allen – during his absence.

The Victorian Baby Health Centres’ Association was one of her main interests; she was a council member from its inception and a vice president from 1920 to 1942. As president of the Medical Women’s Society, she acted as its delegate on the Council of the Victorian branch of the British Medical Association and was the first woman doctor in Australia to become a councillor of this organisation. She frequently lectured to women’s groups, and in girls’ schools, on the care of babies and expectant mothers and was closely associated with the College of Domestic Economy – later the Emily McPherson College – an Australian domestic science college for women in Melbourne.

Connie maintained a continuing interest in her old school, and in 1911 she was voted in as president of the Old Collegians’ Association, taking part in 1925 in the school’s jubilee congress, a two-day discussion on social and welfare matters. She was the founder and vice-president in 1912 of the Lyceum Club and its president in 1918-19. In July 1925, she became a member of the first committee of the Melbourne Business and Professional Women’s Club.

She was exceptionally well-read and was an excellent violinist. Her many community activities left her little time for writing, and she made only two small contributions to medical literature.

Dr COnstance Ellis died at South Yarra on 10 September 1942 after a lingering illness. She left her large collection of books and pictures to the Janet Clarke Hall and the University Women’s College. Her personality is well described by a long-standing friend – she was the soul of kindness, with great human understanding, a keen sense of fun, and an enormous capacity for making friends. Ellis Place, in the Canberra suburb of Cook, is named in her honour.


  • Wikipedia;
  • Australian Dictionary of Biography;
  • 200 Australian Women;
  • Encyclopedia of Science and Innovation;
  • Australian Women’s Registry
From Australia's Jewish Past is written by Ruth Lilian OAM for AJHS and published weekly in J-Wire. ​